About Me

Learning About Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment and Research

Welcome to my site, my name is Jess Indaja. I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes after struggling with my weight throughout my teen years and adulthood. My doctor informed me about all of the dangers associated with my diet and exercise habits. I was encouraged to change the way I ate and moved in an effort to reverse my blood sugar problem. I made the changes, but still struggle with controlling my blood sugar. After going through this trying situation, I decided to make a site that may help others with problems associated with type 2 diabetes. I will discuss diagnostic procedures, treatments and medical research concerning this disease. I hope you visit often and learn all you can to control your type 2 diabetes or help others with this condition.

Learning About Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment and Research

Types Of Immunotherapy: An Overview

by Carla Hudson

Immunotherapy is a rapidly growing field of medicine that uses the body's own immune system to fight cancer and other diseases. Unlike traditional treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation, which can damage healthy cells along with cancer cells, immunotherapy is more targeted and can often spare healthy tissue. There are several types of immunotherapy, each of which works in a slightly different way. Here are the different types of immunotherapy and how they are used to treat various conditions.

Monoclonal Antibodies 

Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced molecules that are designed to recognize and bind to specific proteins on the surface of cancer cells. By attaching to these proteins, monoclonal antibodies can help the immune system identify and destroy cancer cells more effectively. Monoclonal antibodies are used to treat a wide range of cancers, including breast, lung, and colon cancer.

Checkpoint Inhibitors

Checkpoint inhibitors are a type of immunotherapy that work by blocking certain proteins on the surface of cancer cells that can prevent the immune system from recognizing and attacking them. By inhibiting these proteins, checkpoint inhibitors can "unmask" cancer cells and make them more vulnerable to attack by the immune system. Checkpoint inhibitors have been approved for the treatment of several types of cancer, including melanoma, lung cancer, and bladder cancer.

CAR T-Cell Therapy

CAR T-cell therapy is a type of immunotherapy that involves taking T-cells (a type of immune cell) from a patient's blood and genetically modifying them to recognize and attack cancer cells. The modified T-cells are then infused back into the patient's body, where they can seek out and destroy cancer cells. CAR T-cell therapy has shown promising results in the treatment of certain types of leukemia and lymphoma.


Cytokines are proteins that play a key role in the immune system's response to infection and disease. Some cytokines, such as interleukin-2 and interferon-alpha, have been used as immunotherapy for certain types of cancer. These cytokines can help stimulate the immune system to attack cancer cells more effectively.


Immunotherapy vaccines are designed to help the immune system recognize and attack cancer cells. These vaccines work by exposing the immune system to a small amount of a specific protein found on cancer cells, which can help "train" the immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells more effectively. Cancer vaccines are still in the early stages of development, but they have shown promising results in some clinical trials.

Immunotherapy is a rapidly evolving field of medicine that has the potential to revolutionize cancer treatment. By harnessing the power of the immune system, immunotherapy offers a more targeted and less toxic approach to cancer treatment than traditional therapies. While there is still much to learn about how immunotherapy works and how best to use it, the future looks bright for this exciting area of medicine.